National symbols and holidays
The State Flag
The national flag of Azerbaijan consists of three, equal-sized, horizontal stripes. The upper stripe is blue, representing the Turkic cultural roots of Azerbaijan. The middle, red stripe signifies the country’s intention to create a modern state and develop democracy. The lower, green stripe represents Azerbaijan’s relation to Islamic civilization. In the middle of the red stripe, at the center of the flag,there is a whitecrescent and a white eight-point star.
The government of Azerbaijan first adopted the country’s three-color national flag on November 9, 1918. After the country’s collapse on April 28, 1920 and the establishment of the Soviet Union, Azerbaijan ceased to use the flag. On November 17, 1990, the order of the Supreme Majlis of the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic, a region within Azerbaijan, restored the three-color flag as the national flag of the Autonomous Republic. Simultaneously, the Supreme Majlis petitioned the Supreme Council of Azerbaijan to recognize the three-color flag as the national flag of Azerbaijan.After considering the petition, the Supreme Council approved the three-color flag as the country’s national flag on February 5, 1991.
The State Emblem
The national emblem of Azerbaijan symbolizes the country’s independence. The emblem is the image of an oriental shield and a semicircle formed by the branches of an oak-tree and ears resting on it. The shield contains the image of a fire in the center of an eight-point star against a background of the colors of the national flag of Azerbaijan.
The government of Azerbaijan declared a competition to design the national emblem of Azerbaijan on January 30, 1920 and planned to reveal the winning emblem in May of the same year. However, due to the collapse of the country on April 28, 1920, as a result of the Bolshevik invasion, the emblem was not approved.
In 1990, the Supreme Majlis of the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic initiated a debate on the national emblem issueand on November 17 of the same yearpetitioned the Supreme Council of Azerbaijan to hold a new competition for the emblem’s design.
On February 5, 1991, the Supreme Council announced that there would be a new competition, and subsequently received numerousdesign proposals.In addition to these new designs, the Supreme Council also considered emblem proposals submitted in the first competition 70 years prior, and ultimately selected one of the projects developed in 1920. The Supreme Council confirmed on January 19, 1993 a slightly altered version of the originally submitted winning design to be the national emblem of Azerbaijan.
January 1 - New Year’s Day;
January 20 - Day of the Martyrs;
March 8 - Women’s Day;
March 20-25 - Novruz Bayrami;
May 9 – Day of Victory over Nazism;
May 28 - Republic Day;
June 15 - National Salvation Day;
June 26 - Day of Armed Forces;
October 18 - National Independence Day;
November 9 - National Flag Day;
November 12 - Constitution Day;
November 17 - Day of National Revival;
December 31 - Day of Solidarity of Azerbaijanis throughout the World.
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